Relationship between Social Support, Cultural Values, Family-Friendly Organizations and Psychological Well-Being among Turkish and the Dutch Nurses: The Role of Recovery
Hatem Öcel Collen, Fred Zijlstra

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to investigate the role of recovery after work in moderating the relationships between social support, cultural values, organizational characteristics, and psychological well-being. Design: Moderated regression analysis was used to analyze data. Methods: Cross-sectional self-reported questionnaire data was collected from Turkish and Dutch nurses (Turkish N = 333, Dutch N = 323). Social support, cultural values, family-friendly organizations, recovery strategies and well-being scales were used. Findings: We tested our hypotheses with the t test and multiple regression approach. The t test results showed the mean score of psychological well-being of Dutch participants (t= 3.07 ; p< .002); and that the mean score on recovery were significantly higher than those of Turkish participants (t= 3.90; p<.001). Results also showed that social support had an interaction effect with psychological detachment and relaxation on psychological well-being in the Turkish nurses; whereas in the Dutch nurses only social support and mastery experiences interacted on psychological well-being. Practical Implications: On the basis of our findings, it is advisable to focus interventions on enhancing using recovery strategies and well-being. Specific interventions should be directed at training in relaxation detachment from the work in free time.

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