The Relationship between Happiness and Defensive Methods among Primary School Teachers in Birjand
Hossein Jenaabadi, Mostafa Mohammadi Esfahrood

The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between happiness and defensive methods of primary school teachers of Birjand. The current study is a descriptive–correlational study. Population of the study included1300 teachers of primary schools in Birjand in 2013.The standard Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ- 40), encompassing three dimensions of mature, immature, and neurotic, as well as, the Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI) was used. The questionnaires’ validity were checked in terms of their content and the reliability was estimated about 0.78 and 0.90, respectively, using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. To describe the data, frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation were applied. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data. Test results indicated a direct significant relationship between mature and immature defensive methods and happiness.

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