Ethical Dimension in Gender Management: An Empirical Analysis to the Impediments Facing Female Managers in Kenya
Dr. Githui Donatus Mathenge

This study presents an overview of gender diversity type barriers in organizations based on the characteristics of a sample of Kenyan mid-level female managers. This research investigates how women in middle level management are involved in the management processes. Glass ceiling to professional growth of female managers in Kenyan organizations were independently analyzed. These included; corporate leadership involvement, corporate practices, career progression and growth, and corporate culture. The study aimed at establishing an existence of gender diversity barriers with an ethical dimension. The research employed a survey research design. The sample for this research consisted of 250 female managers from selected organizations for study in the country. Several hypotheses were formulated. Data was analyzed with an aid of SPSS software using Principal component analysis (PCA) and Factor analysis of the research variables. The major finding showed that female middle level managers in Kenyan organizations face a glass ceiling and other professional impediments in their working environment which, for instance, inhibit their promotion. Other barriers such as lack of enough organizational support, in networking and mentoring were also established. It was also noted that corporate practices, corporate culture and leadership involvement practices contribute to gender diversity barriers. Hence, it was recommended that an ethical culture which is effective, equitable and just; on gender management approaches be created and sustained in Kenyan corporations and organizations.

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