Deviation from Classical Management Thought: Governance, Transformation and the Third World View
M. Akif OZER, Hüseyin YAYMAN

In the early twenty-first century, globalization and devolution as two trends define the agenda for governance. Not only must government devise new strategies for managing public programs effectively in a globalized and devolved policy world, but it must also build the capacity for doing so. Most government bureaucracies remain structured and staffed to manage traditional direct programs through traditionally structured and staffed bureaucracies. Whereas the government's strategies and tactics have changed, its structures and process have not. Recent reforms in state and governance have been prescribed for Third World countries by the advocates of market-friendly globalization, anti- state economic reforms, and anti-welfare public policies on the ground that such reforms and policies would reduce fiscal crisis, overcome deficit, increase efficiency, enhance quality. But in reality, there are many adverse outcomes of these current changes pointed out by scholars who are more concerned about the critical implications of such new politic-economic reforms for poorer Third World countries. In this study, the subject above will be analyzed with perceptible results of transformation process in governance in third world countries. In this context; governance definition and conceptual framework, fundamental characteristics of governance, the scope and limits of governance, governance strategies and types of governance will be analyzed primarily. After this, transformation in governance, new public management reforms and third world countries, re-determining the field of operation and role of governance, restructuring governance’s institutional structure, re-determining normative standards of governance and questioning governance in third world countries will be evaluated.

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