Understanding Attitudes toward Globalization at the Individual and National Level
Edward M. Feasel, Professor Diya Muzumder

The paper utilizes surveys from the Pew Research Center to develop an extensive dataset consisting of 53 countries, for the years 2002, 2007 and 2008, with over 80,000 respondents to examine attitudes toward globalization at the individual and national level. Attitudes vary widely across countries with important determinants at the national level being FDI, trade, net migration and GDP per capita. The first two macro linkages, FDI and trade, are found to be positively associated with benefits from globalization. Net migration is found to have a negative association. The results help to explain why the US, with relatively lower FDI and trade and higher net migration, has the lowest perceived benefits to globalization in the sample. Results also show that wealthier individuals and nations have higher perceived benefits from globalization. There is evidence that less skilled individuals view greater benefits to globalization compared to skilled workers in very poor countries.

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